Himalayan Brown Bear (Ursus arctos) belongs to the Carnivora Order and Ursidae Family. It is native to Asia, Europe and North America Continent in the world. It is found in Annapurna Conservation Area, Sagarmatha National Park, Manaslu Conservation area and mostly found in areas above tree line of Nepal. The lifespan of a brown bear is 20 to 30 years in its natural habitat. Its body colour is reddish brown in colour. Its height is 1.5 m to 1.7 m, length 1.5 m to 2.8 m and weight is about 130 to 550 kg. The gestation period of brown bear is 180 to 266 days. It is listed as a vulnerable species in the IUCN Red List category and Appendix I of CITES. National red list of mammals categorizes it as a critically endangered species. The legal status of this species in Nepal is Protected (Appendix I) under the National Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act 1973. It is protected because of its heavy habitat loss and poaching. It is traded in national and international markets due to its bile.
Jnawali, S. R., Baral, H. S., Lee, S., Acharya, K. P., Upadhyay, G. P., Pandey, M., ... & Khatiwada, A. P. (2011). The Status of Nepal's Mammals: The National Red List Series-IUCN.