Government of Nepal
Ministry of Forests and Environment
Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation

Welcome program of Director General Dr. Pem Narayan Kandel | Farewell program of DDG Dr. Ramchandra Kandel | आ.ब. २०७६/७७ को बार्षिक प्रगति समिक्षा गोष्ठी सम्पन्न

Mammals

Sus salvanius

Pygmy Hog (Porcula  salvania syn. Sus salvanius) belongs to Cetartiodactyla Order and Suidae Family. It is native to Nepal, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Bhutan and south Asian countries in the world.  The lifespan of pygmy hog is 14 years and the gestation period is 110-120 days. Their skin is dark brownish-black and the hair is dark. It looks like small wild boar with tapered head open ear and short tail. Its height is 0.025 m to 0.3 m, length 0.6 m and weight is about 6.6 kg to 9.7 kg male and 8 kg female. The gestation period of pygmy hog is 110 to 120 days. It is listed as a critically endangered species in the IUCN Red List category and Appendix I of CITES. National red list of mammals categorizes it as a regionally extinct species. The legal status of this species in Nepal is Protected (Appendix I) under the National Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act 1973. It is protected because of its heavy habitat loss. It is traded in national and international markets for rearing.

Reference

  • Jnawali, S. R., Baral, H. S., Lee, S., Acharya, K. P., Upadhyay, G. P., Pandey, M., ... & Khatiwada, A. P. (2011). The Status of Nepal's Mammals: The National Red List Series-IUCN.