Government of Nepal
Ministry of Forests and Environment
Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation

२९ औं वन्यजन्तु सप्ताह २०८१ | संरक्षित क्षेत्र कार्यालयहरुको आ.ब. २०८१/८२ को योजना तर्जूमा गोष्ठी सम्पन्न । | माननीय वन तथा वातावरण मन्त्री नवल किशोर साह सुडीलाई राष्‍ट्रिय निकुञ्‍ज विभागमा स्वागत


Varanus flavescens

Golden Monitor Lizard (Varanus flavescens) belongs to the Squamata Order and Varanidae Family. It is native to Nepal, India, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Myanmar in the world. It is found in terai protected areas and their nearby forest areas of Nepal. The lifespan of a golden monitor lizard is 15 to 20 years. Its body colour is dark brown in the upper side and yellow in the lower side. The shape of the body is long with tipped tail and oblique slit nostril. Its length is 0.45 m and weight is about 4 to 5 kg. The characteristic feature of golden monitor lizard is that it lives in forests near water sources. It lays about 8 to 30 eggs according to its size. The weight of an egg is 11.4 grams. The incubation period is about 8 to 9 month. It is listed as an endangered species in the IUCN Red List category and Appendix I of CITES. The legal status of this species in Nepal is Protected (Appendix I) under the National Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act 1973. It is protected because of its heavy habitat loss and poaching. It is traded in national and international markets due to its skin.


  • नेपालमा अधिक चोरी शिकार र अभैद व्यापार हुने वन्यजन्तु तथा वनस्पतिको जानकारी, २०७५
  • साईटिस अनुसूचीमा सुचिकृत नेपालमा पाइने संकटापन्न वन्यजन्तु तथा वनस्पति, २०७५


  • IUCN 2020. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2020-2. Accessed on 10 July, 2020.
  • Yadav, B., & Rupakheti, N. (2019). Conservation and Management of Biodiversity in Protected Areas of Nepal.