Government of Nepal
Ministry of Forests and Environment
Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation

विभागको ४२ औं स्थापना दिवसको औपचारिक कार्यक्रम सम्पन्न | विभागको स्थापना दिवसको उपलक्ष्यमा शुभ-कामना सन्देश | संरक्षित क्षेत्र व्यवस्थापन, अनुसन्धान तथा प्रशिक्षण केन्द्र उद्घाटन

Mammals

Antilope cervicapra

Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra), known as Krishnasar in Nepali belongs to order Artiodactyla and family Bovidae. In Nepal, blackbuck distribution in its natural habitat is restricted to Blackbuck Conservation Area at Khairapur in Bardia district of Western Tarai. The global population in its natural range is estimated as 50,000 individuals. According to the Annual Report of DNPWC (2019), its population is 328 including Krishnasar Conservation Area and Shukla Phanta National Park. Blackbuck faces several conservation threats such as human encroachment causing degradation and loss of habitat and genetic depression due to inbreeding. Additionally, possible threat of wiping out isolated population by natural calamities. To minimize these threats, DNPWC has translocated blackbuck in Hirapur phanta of Shukla Phanta National park where these species were recorded back in 1960s. The translocation programme is reinforced by formulation and implementation of site specific conservation action plan in Shukla P hanta National park. Global category of IUCN Red List for blackbuck is Near Threatened while national is Critically Endangered. In Nepal it is Protected (Appendix I) by National Park and Wildlife Conservation Act 1973. Similarly CITES listed it in Appendix I species.

Reference

  • Jnawali, S. R., Baral, H. S., Lee, S., Acharya, K. P., Upadhyay, G. P., Pandey, M., ... & Khatiwada, A. P. (2011). The Status of Nepal's Mammals: The National Red List Series-IUCN.